Celtis occidentalis

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Common Hackberry

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Description

In Adelaide a hackberry tree reaches an approximate height of 10m to 12m and a spread of 8m to 10m after 20 years.
An ideal deciduous tree, it grows a broad crown with arching branches which have an alternate branching pattern with a unique zigzag pattern or form. Hackberry
forms characteristic corky ridges and warts on its trunk and branches. It produces small, dark red drupes about 5mm in diameter that turn dark purple as they
mature in mid-autumn. These berry-like fruit persist into the winter. Growing in a rounded, vase-like shape, it is an ideal street and avenue tree being
extremely tolerant to urban environments, strong winds, pollution, heat, drought and salts. The hackberry grows well in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils. It has some tolerance for both flooding and drought.